Family Asteraceae

Asteraceae is one of the largest families of vascular plants represented by 30,000 species and over 1100 genera all over the world. In India, there are 900 species under 167 genera. Asteraceae dominates other phanerogames in Patalkot valley too. I have reported 60 species belonging to 44 genera of this region. There has been much contribution made in publishing records of family Asteraceae by various workers. So far, there was no published record of Asteraceae from Patalkot valley of Chhindwara district. Therefore, extensive surveys of Asteraceous plants were carried out during 1999-2000. Specimens of the survey were deposited in Herbarium of Botany Department of Danielson College. During the survey, I explored the area of Patalkot valley that included- Gaildubbha, Karayam Rathed, Ghatlinga, Gudichhathri, Karrapani, Tamia Bharia Dhana, Bijauri, Pandu Piparia, Sajkui, Lahgadua, Sidhouli. Most of the plants of family Asteraceae occurring in this region have been identified.

The medicinal values of the plants are based on the information obtained from the tribal viz., Bharias and Gonds of Patalkot valley.

The list of the plants has been prepared in alphabetical order.

Name of species Fl & Fr Uses Part
Acanthospermum hispidum Jul/ Oct Weed
Ageratum conyzoides May/ Dec Medicine L
Amberboa ramosa Jul/ Feb Medicine WP
Bidens biternata Aug/ Jan Weed
Blainvillea acmella Apr/ Nov Weed
Blumea balsamifera Nov/ Apr Medicine L
B. eriantha Nov/ Apr Medicine P
B. lacera Jan/ Jun Medicine R & L
B. laciniata Dec/ Mar Weed
B. mollis Feb/ May Weed
Caesulia axillaris Oct/ Apr Weed
Carthamus tinctorius Feb/ Apr Medicine F
Centipeda minima Jan/ Dec Medicine W
Chrysanthemum indicum Oct/ Dec Garden
Cichorium intybus Jan/ Jun Medicine R&S
Cosmos bipinnatus Aug/ Nov Weed
C. sulphureus Sep/ Jan Weed
Cyathocline purpurea Dec/ May Weed
Dahlia pinnata Jun/ Dec Garden
Echinops echinatus Oct/ May Medicine WP
Eclipta alba Jun/ Mar Medicine WP
E. prostrata Jan/ Dec Medicine R & L
Elephantopus scaber Oct/ May Medicine WP
Emilia sonchifolia Aug/ Feb Medicine WP
Erigeron asteroides Dec/ May Medicine WP
Eupatorium triplinerve Sep/ Jan Medicine WP
Gaillardia pulchella Mar/ Sep Garden
Galinsoga perviflora Dec/ Apr Weed
Gnaphalium luteo-album Jan/ Dec Weed
G. pensylvanicum Jan/ Nov Weed
G. purpurium Aug/ May Weed
Guizotia abyssinica Sep/ Dec Medicine S
Gynura nitida Dec/ May Weed
Helianthus annuus Oct/ Dec Medicine WP
Lagascea mollis Apr/ Nov Weed
Launaea nudicaulis Sep/ May Medicine
Parthenium hyterophorus May/ Mar Weed
Pentanema indicum Sep/ Jun Weed
Pulicaria wightiana Aug/ Dec Weed
Sclerocarpus africanus Mar/ Sep Weed
Siegesbeckia orientalis Apr/ Dec Medicine WP
Sonchus arvensis Aug/ Apr Medicine WP
S. brachyotus Sep/ Mar Medicine L& F
S. oleraceus Aug/ Mar Medicine WP
Sphaeranthus indicus Jan/ Jul Medicine WP
Spilanthes acmella Jul/ Mar Medicine WP
S. calva Feb/ Apr Medicine F&L
S. radicans Oct/ Jan Weed
Synedrella nodiflora Jan/ Dec Weed
Tagetes erecta Jan/ Dec Medicine F&L
T. patula Sep/ Dec Medicine F&L
Tithonia diversifolia Sep/ May Weed
Tridax procumbens ` Jan/ Dec Medicine WP
Vernonia cinerea Mar/ Dec Medicine WP
V. divergens Jan/ Jun Weed
Xanthium strumarium Jul/ Jan Medicine WP
Zennia elegans Sep/ Mar Garden
WP – Whole Plant, F – Flower, L – Leaf, S – Seed, R – Root

Asteraceae stands as the fourth largest family in India. The present floristic study survey showed that Blumea is represented by the maximum number of species in the area. Sieges beckia is found only in Tamia hills. Most of the genera were represented by only one or two species. Guizotia, Tagetes, Helianthus, and Spilanthes are being cultivated by the local farmers. Another weeds like Parthenium, Xanthium, Vicoa, Cichorium, and Caesulia were found to be frequently.

Acanthospermum, Ageratum, Parthenium, Xanthium, Vicoa, Cichorium and Caesulia are the most common weeds in the fields of Patalkot Valley. Few taxa such as Parthenium hysterophorus, Xanthium strumarium, Tridax procumbens, Ageratum conyzoides and Acanthospermum hispidum dominate practically all the areas and are common weeds. Though, some taxa are weeds but rural and tribal people utilize them as medicines. Conservation activities should be concerned with all medicinally important species. In Asteraceae many species are weedy but even some of these are traditional remedies and are used as traditional food.

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